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2/21/2018

Pengertian, Penggunaan, dan Contoh Third Conditional




Oke sobat, pada kesempatan kali ini kita akan sama-sama membahas sebuah tema yang berhubungan dengan conditional. Sobat semua pasti sudah pernah mendengar kata conditional sebelumnya dalam bahasa inggris. Namun, pada kesempatan kali ini yang kita bahas adalah Third Conditional. Nah, apa itu Third Conditional dan kapan digunakannya Third Conditional ini?? Yuk kita simak pembahasan berikut ini.

Third Conditional merupakan salah satu jenis conditional sentence yang digunakan ketika result (hasil/akibat) dari condition (kondisi) tersebut tidak ada kemungkinan terwujud karena condition-nya harus sudah dipenuhi di masa lalu.

Third Conditional ini menggunakan past perfect sesudah if, kemudian di susul dengan 'would have' dan past participle.

Contoh:

if
condition
result

Past Perfect
would have + past participle
If
(jika)
had won the lottery,
(saya menang undian tersebut),
would have bought a car.
(saya akan membeli sebuah mobil).
Faktanya: you did not win (kamu tidak menang). :-(

Berikut ini beberapa contoh [if condition result] and [result if condition].

if
condition
result

Past Perfect
would have + past participle
If
I had seen Mary,
I would have told her.
If
Tara had been free yesterday,
I would have invited her.
If
they had not passed their exam,
their teacher would have been sad.
If
it had rained yesterday,
would you have stayed at home?
If
it had rained yesterday,
what would you have done?

result
if
condition
would have + past participle

Past Perfect
I would have told Mary
if
I had seen her.
I would have invited Tara
if
she had been free yesterday.
Their teacher would have been sad
if
they had not passed their exam.
Would you have stayed at home
if
it had rained yesterday?
What would you have done
if
it had rained yesterday?
Dalam Third Conditional ini sobat bisa mengganti "would have" dengan "should have, could have, dan might have".

Contoh:

  • If you had bought a lottery ticket, you might have won.
Oke sobat, sekian dulu pembahasan kita pada kesempatan kali ini. Semoga artikel diatas bermanfaat untuk sobat semua dan jangan lupa berkunjung kembali di Studi Bahasa Inggris dan nantikan artikel-artikel bermanfaat lainnya.

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